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Metal Print

Korean Metal Print

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The oldest metal type in the world. Jeongdoga-Ja(證道歌字)

The majority of the people believed in Buddhism and prayed for the well-being and prosperity of the nation and the people, and they tried to overcome the national crisis by using the power of Buddhism.
This belief in Buddhism during the Goryeo Dynasty is contained in numerous records and works of art, and has been handed down to this day as a splendid cultural heritage beyond a thousand years of time and space.
Most importantly, the great thing is that not only a few aristocrats enjoyed and monopolized Buddhist doctrine, but they shared and breathed with the public through printing technology.
At that time, we realized democratization of knowledge and information ahead of any other people or country through metal types, the world's most advanced printing technology.
In particular, Jikji Simcheyo, the world's greatest metal typeface (published in 1377), is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001, 78 years ahead of Germany's Gutenberg Type (1455 casting), which was selected as the greatest invention of human culture in the West.
However, "Jikji" is only stored in the National Library of France with printed metal type, and there are no metal types left. By the way, metal types older than the type "Jikji" are real. A total of eight metal types have been excavated so far from the Manwoldae site in Kaesong, where a joint inter-Korean investigation has been conducted since 2007. It was discovered embedded in celadon dishes from the 13th century, and it is presumed to be metal type at least 100 years ahead of Jikji's type. Currently, seven pieces are stored in North Korea and one in our National Museum of Korea, but historical and archaeological research has been suspended due to the inter-Korean relations.
Also, according to the literature, "Nammyeongcheonhwasangsong Jeungdo" , a Chinese monk of the Tang Dynasty, recited his enlightenment as a poem.There is a record that Jeungdo) was printed in metal type before 1239, at least 138 years before Jikji, and more than 216 years ahead of Gutenberg 42nd Bible in Germany.
Jeungdoja, owned by Davoseong Gallery, is the oldest metal type to be printed on Jeungdo. Since its release in September 2010, academic at home and abroad.scientific research and researchVerification has shown that Jeungdoja is the world's oldest metal type cast during the Goryeo Dynasty. Unlike Jikji and Gutenberg 42nd Bible in Germany, it remains in the physical form and is a valuable heritage that can identify the casting techniques of the time.
In 2017, however, the Cultural Heritage Administration acknowledged that Jeungdoja was the oldest type in the Goryeo Dynasty, but made a ridiculous decision that it was not worth designating as a treasure. The existing Jeungdo is a woodblock-printed copy of the metal typeface and there is no metal type left, so it cannot be confirmed whether Jeungdoja of Davoseong Gallery is the type that Jeungdo took. He also claimed that it was unclear where it was excavated and how it came to be kept. By not evaluating its value as a cultural asset, it made a contradictory decision that the Goryeo Dynasty print was correct but could not be designated as a treasure.
It was a wrong decision, but what the Cultural Heritage Administration couldn't help but admit in the process was that Daboseong Gallery's Jeungdoja is the oldest metal type in the world. Please give a lot of love and support to Davoseong Gallery, which aims to preserve Jeungdoja, the pride of our people and a cultural heritage that has never been established in the world.