2010-2011년

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Metal Print

years 2010-2011

2010-2011년

Interest Disclosure and Reaction. Jeungdoga-Ja

1. Announcement of the World's Oldest Metal Type 'Jeungdoga-ja' in September 2010
On September 1, 2010, Professor Nam Kwonhee of Kyungpook National University (literature and information science) announced to the press 12 metal types, 138 years ahead of Jikji Simcheyojeol (1377), the world's largest metal type capital, and 216 years ahead of Gutenberg's metal type (1455).
The actual disclosure of metal types, which existed only as historical records of old documents, such as the publication of the Nammyeongcheonhwasongdo Island and the records of the Dongguk Sanggukjip, caused a great stir not only in bibliography but also in society at the time, and most media outlets reported on the research results and future tasks of Professor Nam Kwon-hee, who announced Jeungdoga, saying that it was a national achievement that would speed up the time.
In an article, Yonhap News Agency responded that "In order for Jeungdoja to be recognized as the world's best, it is expected that it will have to undergo cross-verification and criticism from related academic circles at home and abroad," and added that "it is hoped that this announcement will boost research on these metal types."
On the other hand, some have disparaged the value of Jeungdogaja, calling it a "personal collection," "missing its source," and "a hasty, unverified announcement" since the beginning of the presentation, and the existing world's oldest recognized metal type capital, Jikjibimche.I wrote an article concerned about the depreciation of the temple.
In particular, local media outlets are eager to make fake Jeungdogaja, citing a study published by a local professor who has nothing to do with bibliography.It was also reported that the local symbol of the temple, Cheongju-si, was in trouble.
On September 1, 2010, Professor Nam Kwonhee of Kyungpook National University (literature and information science) announced to the press 12 metal types, 138 years ahead of Jikji Simcheyojeol (1377), the world's largest metal type capital, and 216 years ahead of Gutenberg's metal type (1455).
The actual disclosure of metal types, which existed only as historical records of old documents, such as the publication of the Nammyeongcheonhwasongdo Island and the records of the Dongguk Sanggukjip, caused a great stir not only in bibliography but also in society at the time, and most media outlets reported on the research results and future tasks of Professor Nam Kwon-hee, who announced Jeungdoga, saying that it was a national achievement that would speed up the time.
In an article, Yonhap News Agency responded that "In order for Jeungdoja to be recognized as the world's best, it is expected that it will have to undergo cross-verification and criticism from related academic circles at home and abroad," and added that "it is hoped that this announcement will boost research on these metal types."
On the other hand, some have disparaged the value of Jeungdoga-ja, calling it a "personal collection," "missing its source," and "a hasty, unverified announcement" since the beginning of the presentation, and the existing world's oldest recognized metal type capital, Jikjibimche.I wrote an article concerned about the depreciation of the temple.
In particular, local media outlets are eager to make fake Jeungdoga-ja, citing a study published by a local professor who has nothing to do with bibliography.It was also reported that the local symbol of the temple, Cheongju-si, was in trouble.

(2010.9.1, 연합) "직지보다 앞선 세계 最古 금속활자 발견" / (taeshik@yna.co.kr)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004634907
(2010.9.1., 연합뉴스) 증도가字, '직지'보다 훨씬 앞선 근거는 / (comma@yna.co.kr)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004634892
(2010.9.2, 노컷뉴스) 직지보다 빠른 세계 最古 금속활자 “증도가자” 발견 / (CBS 이전호 문화체육부장)
https://www.nocutnews.co.kr/news/750244
(2010.9.2, 세계일보) ‘세계 最古 인쇄술’ 역사 바뀌나(박종현 기자)
http://www.segye.com/newsView/20100901005326
(201.9.1., 경향신문) “세계 最古 금속활자 발견 (도재기 기자)
http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201009011941045&code=960201
(2010.9.2, 동아일보) 국내 最古고려금속활자 발견? (강은지 기자)
http://www.donga.com/news/article/all/20100902/30910507/1
(2010.9.17, 동아일보) [로비에서]진위논란만 부른 설익은 ‘最古금속활자 발표’ (강은지 기자)
http://www.donga.com/news/article/all/20100917/31258981/1
(2010.9.1, 뉴시스) 증도가자, 직지보다 138년 앞선 근거…청주 '비상' (이재훈 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003415007
(2010.9.1, 뉴시스) 청주시, 최고(最古) 금속활자 공개에 촉각 (장정삼 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003415110
(2010.9.1, 충청일보) '직지前 금속활자'에 신중·곤혹, 청주시 "구체적으로 확인 할 필요있다"
http://www.ccdailynews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=170258
(2010.9.2, 충청일보) [긴급논단]직지의 세계적 가치는 바뀌지 않는다, 이 재 준 (전 본지 편집국장·전 충북도문화재위원)
http://www.ccdailynews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=170443
(2010.9.7, 뉴시스) 이상주 "금속활자 증도가-'증도가자' 다르다"(강신욱 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=003&aid=0003424307
(2010.9.10., 뉴시스) "증도가자≠번각본 증도가"…이상주 교수(강신욱 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=003&aid=0003430845
(201.9.17. 동아) 진위논란만 부른 설익은 ‘最古금속활자 발표’(강은지 기자)
http://www.donga.com/news/article/all/20100917/31258981/1
(2010.9.15. 연합) "'증도가字 가짜' 주장 학자들, 토론하자", 남권희 교수 "증도가字, 목각본과 100% 포개어질 순 없어"(공병설 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004657242
(2010.9.19., 뉴시스) '증도가자'와 '번각본 증도가' 공방(강신욱 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=003&aid=0003444142


2. MBC and KBS current affairs programs report on Jeungdoga
MBC PD Notebook (after the broadcast) reported an interview with Professor Lee Sang-joo of Jungwon University, who claims that Jeungdoga is a fake, demanding the distribution of the type and carbon dating of the 60 Minutes of KBS 2010.10.20. Is KBS also the world's best? The 'Suspicious Metal Type' broadcast aired testimony from a merchant that he covered the production of fake bronze products in China and even manipulated metal type solidarity to sell them to Korea. After consulting with the director, the KBS 1TV History Special Team asked the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources to measure the AMS carbon dating of ink remaining in two of the 12 real types of Nammyeongcheonhwasangjeungdo(南明泉和尙頌證道歌), and the Buddha's fire. 2010.12.2. The carbon dating of Slople Bee was revealed in the Goryeo Dynasty of 1160~1980. Since then, KBS's "60 Minutes Trace" broadcast has been found to have been fabricated by a merchant's confession of conscience who cooperated in covering the fake production of "The Jeungdoga-ja" from 2015 to December.

(2010.10.6., 뉴시스) PD수첩, '증도가자' 최초 금속활자 의혹 보도
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=003&aid=0003468588
​(2010.10.20., 연합) KBS '추적60분', 증도가字 논란 다뤄
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004717244
(2010.12.1. 뉴시스) "증도가자, 직지심체요절 앞선 것 맞다"
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003566204
(2017.4.17., 뉴스1) 김종춘 대표 "'증도가자' 가짜 만든 '문화재 마피아' 있다"
http://news1.kr/articles/?2968857


3. Professor Nam strongly refutes allegations of falsification of The Jeungdoga-ja
Professor Nam Kwon-hee in November 201~2011, published two research papers, "Study on the Problems of the Finding of Jeungdoga" and "House of East Countries with Jeungdoga," and academically refuted his uncomfortable feelings about the forgery of Jeungdoga-ja. Related to the forgery claim through typographical comparisons,' Jeungdoga has different font and plate sizes on different sides. This proves that it is a lightning rod (copybone) engraved by 11 heads of state, and it is caused by the deformation of the woodblock," he said, making it clear that he will no longer be embroiled in a wasteful debate on authenticity. In addition, Professor Nam presented the evidence that both books, "The Great East Country Book" and "Sangjeong Yemun," were printed as Jeungdoga. Below is an excerpt from some of the research papers. In 1232, the metal type of Jeungdoga was moved to Ganghwado Island in Gaeseong, but Jeungdoga preferred to be printed on woodblocks to be published in a small scale and spread for a long time. Using the transferred type, the government took as many of the required number of the documents and distributed them to various departments, while the Dongguk Sanggukjip made and printed the entire collection in the same type for the purpose of quickly printing them. "The Jeungdoga-ja" is two forms, with and without small projections, such as wings, on the left and right sides of a type. It is possible that the two books, which were made in Kaesong in the early form and in Ganghwa Island, were missing type."

​(2010.11.5., 연합) '증도가자' 의혹..남권희 교수 반박(심규석 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004747224
​(2010.11.5., YTN) "증도가자 세계 최고 금속활자 가능성 높다"(김동우 기자)
https://www.ytn.co.kr/_ln/0103_201011051835022643
(2010.11.5., 뉴시스) [종합]남권희-이상주 교수 '증도가자' 舌戰(강신욱 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=003&aid=0003522619
(2010.11.8., 충청) 증도가자 진위공방 가열, 남권희 "파손·수축 등 행간·서체 다른것"(안순자 기자)
http://www.ccdailynews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=181755
(2010.11.17., 뉴시스) 남권희 교수, 19일 발표서 "서체 언급 안한다"(강신욱 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003541365
(2010.11.19., 연합) 남권희 "증도가자로 동국이상국집 인쇄"(윤우용 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=001&aid=0004775269
(2010.11.19., 뉴시스) '증도가자' 탄소측정 지연··서체논쟁 불발(강신욱 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=003&aid=0003546310
(2010.11.28., 충청) '증도가자'에 대해 해명을….(이상주)
http://www.ccdailynews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=185944


4. Results of radiocarbon dating to the Goryeo Dynasty
The Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Paleo Labo AMS, Japan's most prestigious institute, and Seoul National University's Institute of Basic Science and Technology conducted carbon dating on residual food from November 2010 to November 2013 at the request of KBS and MBC, and all three organizations confirmed the production age of residual food from 1160 to 1280.
Although the results of the joint measurement did not immediately confirm the reliability of Jeungdogaja, the fact that the buried food belonged to the Goryeo Dynasty provided important clues that could be identified as the metal type used at least 140 years earlier than when the Jikjisimcheyojeol, the world's oldest metal type, was published in 1377.

(2010.11.30., 연합) "'증도가자' 채취 먹 탄소연대는 고려시대"(김태식 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004795776
(2010.12.1., 뉴시스) "증도가자, 직지심체요절 앞선 것 맞다"(백영미 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003566204
(2010.12.1., 충청) 증도가자, 직지보다 앞선게 맞다?(안순자 기자)
http://www.ccdailynews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=186955
(2011.6.17., 연합) "'증도가자'에 묻은 먹은 고려시대 것"(종합)(김태식 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0005118232
(2011.6.17., 뉴시스) "증도가자, 직지심체요절보다 훨씬 앞선 것 맞다"(백영미 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003915945
(2011.6.17., 한경) "證道歌字 먹 고려시대 것"…역사교과서 바뀌나(김재일 기자)
https://www.hankyung.com/society/article/2011061772541
(2011.6.17., 경향) ‘증도가자’에 묻은 먹 고려시대 것…직지에 앞선 최고 금속활자 가능성(황경상 기자)
http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201106172057425&code=960100#csidxfc7b8a743f69b5bb8a1deab6a963b3b
(2011.6.18., 동아) “증도가字에 묻은 먹… 통일신라∼고려시대 것”(이광표 기자)
http://www.donga.com/news/article/all/20110618/38127072/1
(2011.6.20., 뉴시스) 한 시장 "'직지' 위상과 '증도가자' 문제는 별개"(이성기 기자)
https://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=003&aid=0003920078